Optimal sequential fusion for multibiometric cryptosystems

Takao Murakami, Tetsushi Ohki, Kenta Takahashi
An International Journal on Multi-Sensor, Multi-Source Information Fusion, vol.32, pp.93-108, 2016.
[ Paper ]

Accepted Version is Here.


Biometric cryptosystems have been widely studied in the literature to protect biometric templates. To ensure sufficient security of the biometric cryptosys- tem against the offline brute-force attack (also called the FAR attack), it is critical to reduce FAR of the system. One of the most effective approaches to improve the accuracy is multibiometric fusion, which can be divided into three categories: feature level fusion, score level fusion, and decision level fu- sion. Among them, only feature level fusion can be applied to the biometric cryptosystem for security and accuracy reasons. Conventional feature level fusion schemes, however, require a user to input all of the enrolled biometric samples at each time of authentication, and make the system inconvenient. In this paper, we first propose a general framework for feature level se- quential fusion, which combines biometric features and makes a decision each time a user inputs a biometric sample. We then propose a feature level se- quential fusion algorithm that can minimize the average number of input, and prove its optimality theoretically. We apply the proposed scheme to the fuzzy commitment scheme, and demonstrate its effectiveness through experi- ments using the finger-vein dataset that contains 6 fingers from 505 subjects. We also analyze the security of the proposed scheme against various attacks: attacks that exploit the relationship between multiple protected templates, the soft-decoding attack, the statistical attack, and the decodability attack.